Solved : UPSC Engineering Services Examination, 2015 GS Paper – Part 1

This is part 1 of the solutions to the UPSC Engineering Services Examination 2015 which was held on 12 June 2015. The Engineering Services Examination conducted by UPSC has 60 questions from General Studies (Part B – 61 to 120 of the General Ability Paper). The answer and explanation to these questions (first 30) are provided here. Some questions are of the Civil Services Examination level, while others are a bit easier. Nevertheless, these would serve good practice and revision for UPSC CSE Prelims.
61. Consider the following:
1. Kyrgyzstan
2. Libya
3. Turkey
Which of the above is/are in Central Asia?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(a) 1 only

Today Central Asia comprises five independent republics, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. Libya is in Africa, so just eliminating 2 would have given you the answer.
62. What is the purpose of the spacecraft known as Rosetta?
(a) To detect any asteroid fast approaching Earth
(b) To study a comet and track its changes
(c) To identify any traces of water on moon
(d) To probe the space outside the solar system

(b) To study a comet and track its changes

Rosetta is a robotic space probe built and launched by the European Space Agency. Along with Philae, its lander module, Rosetta is performing a detailed study of comet67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (67P).

It was in news – On 12 November 2014, ESA’s Rosetta mission soft-landed its Philae probe on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the first time in history that such an extraordinary feat has been achieved. During the next phase of the mission, Rosetta will accompany the comet through perihelion (August 2015) until the nominal end of the mission.
63. Which one of the following is not a disease caused by virus?
(a) Bird-flu
(b) Chicken pox
(c) Cholera.
(d) Dengue

(c) Cholera.

Cholera is an infection of the intestines by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
64. Who of the following is popularly known for leading the Bardoli satyagraha?
(a) Acharya J.B. Kriplani
(b) Lala Lajpat Rai
(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(d) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
65. ‘Tianhe-2, Titan, Mira and Piz Daint’ are:
(a) Supercomputers
(b) Stars in Milky Way galaxy
(c) Nearby Galaxies
(d) Comets

(a) Supercomputers
66. Viking 2, Pathfinder and Phoenix are the names of:
(a) Artificial satellites around Earth
(b) Spacecrafts sent towards Mars
(c) Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles
(d) Radio telescopes for astronomical studies

(b) Spacecrafts sent towards Mars

Viking 2 landed on Mars in September 1976 — immediately following the first successful spacecraft landing on Mars by Viking 1 — and was part of NASA’s early two-part mission to investigate the Red Planet and search for signs of life. While neither spacecraft found traces of life, they did find all the elements essential to life on Earth: carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen and phosphorus.

Mars Pathfinder (MESUR Pathfinder is an American spacecraft that landed a base station with a roving probe on Mars in 1997.

Phoenix was a robotic spacecraft on a space exploration mission on Mars under theMars Scout Program. The Phoenix lander descended on Mars on May 25, 2008
67. Two places in India, Rushikulya and Gahirmatha have become well known for:
(a) Mass egg-laying by sea turtles
(b) Captive breeding of Gharial
(c) Pre-historic cave paintings •
(d) Uranium deposits

(a) Mass egg-laying by sea turtles

Gahirmatha is a beach in Odisha / Orissa which is very famous for its nesting beach for Olive Ridley Sea Turtles. It is the world’s most important nesting beach. Apart from Gahirmatha rookery, two other mass nesting beaches have been located which are on the mouth of rivers Rushikulya and Devi.Gahirmatha is the only marine wildlife sanctuary of Orissa. Olive Ridley sea turtles migrate in huge numbers from the beginning of November, every year, for mating and nesting along the coast of Orissa.
68. The location approved for setting up the India Based Neutrino Observatory is in the district of:
(a) Ernakulam
(b) Guntur
(c) Theni
(d) Udupi

(c) Theni

The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) Project is a multi-institutional effort aimed at building a world-class underground laboratory with a rock cover of approx.1200 m for non-accelerator based high energy and nuclear physics research in India.
The project includes
(a) construction of an underground laboratory and associated surface facilities at Pottipuram in Bodi West hills of Theni District of Tamil Nadu.
It was also in news –
69. Consider the following:
1. Adjutant stork
2. Emperor penguin
3. Rattle snake
Which of the above is/are in India?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(a) 1 only

Greater Adjutant Stork, the world’s most endangered of the stork species, has found a secure home to breed in two nondescript villages of Assam’s Kamrup district, heralding a new chapter in its conservation.

Earlier, widely distributed throughout northern and eastern India and many countries of south and south-east Asia, the Greater Adjutant Stork is currently distributed only in Assam and Bihar in India and a few other locations in Cambodia.

The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. So, they are not in India

Rattle snakes are not found in India.
70. Which of the following is/are the possible commercial/industrial applications of bacteria?
1. Fermentation of sugars
2. Production of vaccines
3. Cleaning of oil spills
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only .
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

All three are application of bacteria. Bacteria Naturally ‘Eat Up’ Oil Spill Contamination.
Click on page 2 for further questions.

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