Solved : UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 General Studies Paper – Part 4


76. With reference to Congress Socialist Party, consider the following statements :
1. It advocated the boycott of British goods and evasion of taxes.
2. It wanted to establish the dictatorship of proletariat.
3. It advocated separate electorate for minorities and oppressed classes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None

(d) None

 

 

77. Consider the following statements :
1. The Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill.
2. The Rajya Sabha cannot vote the Demands for Grants.
3. The Rajya Sabha cannot discuss the Annual Financial Statement.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(e) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 2 only

 

 

78. The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined
(a) the separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature
(b) the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments
(c) the powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy
(d) None of the above

(b) the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments

The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which became the Government of India Act in 1919 clearly defined the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments.

 

 

79. Which of the following brings out the Consumer Price Index Number for Industrial Workers?
(a) The Reserve Bank of India
(b) The Department of Economic Affairs
(c) The Labour Bureau
(d) The Department of Personnel and Training

(c) The Labour Bureau

Reference – Labour Bureau CPI (IW)

 

 

80. In the context of modem scientific research, consider the following statements about ‘lceCube’, a particle detector located at South Pole, which was recently in the news :
1. It is the world’s largest neutrino detector, encompassing a cubic kilometre of ice.
2. It is a powerful telescope to search for dark matter.
3. It is buried deep in the ice.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

IceCube is an enormous particle detector located deep in the ice at the South Pole. IceCube searches for neutrinos from the most violent astrophysical sources: events like exploding stars, gamma-ray bursts, and cataclysmic phenomena involving black holes and neutron stars. The IceCube telescope is a powerful tool to search for dark matter and could reveal the physical processes associated with the enigmatic origin of the highest energy particles in nature. In addition, exploring the background of neutrinos produced in the atmosphere, IceCube studies the neutrinos themselves; their energies far exceed those produced by accelerator beams. IceCube is the world’s largest neutrino detector, encompassing a cubic kilometer of ice.

Reference – IceCube official website

IceCube in news

 

 

81. The terms ‘Agreement on Agriculture’, ‘Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures’ and Peace Clause’ appear in the news frequently in the context of the affairs of the
(a) Food and Agriculture Organization
(b) United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change
(c) World Trade Organization
(d) United Nations Environment Programme

(c) World Trade Organization

 

 

82. With reference to ‘Near Field Communi¬cation (NFC) Technology’, which of the following statements is/arc correct?
I. It is a contactless communication technology that uses electromagnetic radio fields.
2. NFC is designed for use by devices which can be at a distance of even a metre from each other.
3. NFC can use encryption when sending sensitive information.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

 

83. The area known as ‘Golan Heights’ sometimes appears in the news in the context of the events related to
a) Central Asia
b) Middle East
c) South-East Asia
d) Central Africa

b) Middle East

Golan Heights is in Syria. However, the western two-thirds of this region are currently occupied by Israel, whereas the eastern third is controlled by Syria.

 

 

84. Convertibility of rupee implies
(a) being able to convert rupee notes into gold
(b) allowing the value of rupee to be fixed by market forces
(c) freely permitting the conversion of rupee to other currencies and vice versa
(d) developing an international market for currencies in India

(c) freely permitting the conversion of rupee to other currencies and vice versa

 

 

85. Consider the following pairs :
Medieval Indian State ———————- Present Region

1. Champaka —————————– Central India
2. Durgara ——————————- Jammu
3. Kuluta ——————————– Malabar

Which of the above pairs is/arc correctly matched?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c)1 and 3
(d) 3 only

(b) 2 only

 

All the three regions are in the present day Northern Indian Himalayan areas. The ninth century saw the rise of a number of hill states, some of which maintained their identity until recent years, despite their wars with each other and the frequent raids from the men of the plains. States such as Champaka (Chamba), Durgara (Jammu), Trigarta (Jalandhar), Kuluta (Kulu), Kumaon and Garhwal managed to remain outside the main areas of conflict in the northern plains.

Reference – The question seems to have been formed using this website – History of India

 

 

86. Consider the following rivers :
I. Vamsadhara
2. lndravati
3. Pranahita
4. Pennar
Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari?
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) 2 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

Vamsadhara and Pennar are not the tributaries of Godavari.

 

 

87. When a bill is referred to a joint sitting of both the Houses of the Parliament, it has to be passed by
(a) a simple majority of members present and voting
(b) three-fourths majority of members present and voting
(c) two-thirds majority of the Houses
(d) absolute majority of the Houses

(a) a simple majority of members present and voting

 

 

88. Which one of the following regions of India has a combination of mangrove forest, evergreen forest and deciduous forest?
(a) North Coastal Andhra Pradesh
(b) South-West Bengal
(c) Southern Saurashtra
(d) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

(d) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

 

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a globally acknowledged hotspot of  biodiversity. It has various types of forests which include Tropical Evergreen forests, Moist Deciduous forests, Mangrove forests, Littoral forests and Bamboo and Cake Brakes.

Reference – Google Books Andaman and Nicobar

 

 

89. Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
I. Avanti
2. Gandhara
3. Kosala
4. Magadha
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) I, 3 and 4
(d) 3 and 4 only

d) 3 and 4 only

UPSC had asked this question in 2014 Prelims also. They repeated it this year. Avanti and Gandhara were not associated with life of Buddha, while Magadha and Kosala were.

Shortly after the birth of his son, Buddha left Kapilavatthu at the age of twenty-nine and headed for Magadha in search of spiritual truth.

Anathapindika was noted for his great generosity and a few years after Buddha’s return to Kosala, he paid a huge amount of gold to buy a park in Savatthi. The Kosala King Pasenadi first met the Gotama Buddha at Jeta’s Grove, when the Buddha was about forty years old. The Buddha greatly impressed the King, and subsequently Pasenadi also became one of his patrons and followers.

Reference – Buddha’s visits 

 

 

90. Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?
(a) Bretton Woods Conference
(b) Montreal Protocol
(c) Kyoto Protocol
(d) Nagoya Protocol

(b) Montreal Protocol

 

 

91. Consider the following:
The arrival of Babur into India led to the
1. introduction of gunpowder in the subcontinent
2. introduction of the arch and dome in the region’s architecture
3. establishment of Timurid dynasty in the region
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) I and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 3 only

Introduction of the arch and dome in the region’s architecture was done during the Delhi Sultanate itself. Introduction of Gunpowder was during the mid 14th century.

 

 

92. The Government of India has established NITI Aayog to replace the
(a) Human Rights Commission
(b) Finance Commission
(c) Law Commission
(d) Planning Commission

(d) Planning Commission

 

 

93. What is Rio+20 Conference, often mentioned in the news?
(a) It is the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
(b) It is a Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization
(c) It is a Conference of the Inter¬governmental Panel on Climate Change
(d)It is a Conference of the Member Countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity

(a) It is the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

 

 

94. Consider the following statements :
1. The Executive Power of the Union of India is vested in the Prime Minister.
2. The Prime Minister is the ex officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) I only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither I nor 2

(d) Neither I nor 2

The Executive powers of the Union of India is vested in the President. The Cabinet Secretary (and not the Prime Minister) is the ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board.

 

 

95. The term ‘Goldilocks Zone’ is often seen news in the context of
(a) the limits of habitable zone above the surface of the Earth
(b) regions inside the Earth where shale gas is available
(c) search for the Earth-like planets in outer space
(d) search for meteorites containing precious metals

(c) search for the Earth-like planets in outer space

 

 

96. Who of the following organized a march on the Tanjore coast to break the Salt Law in April 1930?
(a) V. 0. Chidambaram Pillai
(b) C. Rajagopalachari
(c) K. Kamaraj
(d) Annie Besant

(b) C. Rajagopalachari

This question was formed using the book Modern India by Sumit Sarkar. Rajaji emulated his master (Gandhiji) by organizing a march from Trichinopoly to Vedaranniyam on the Tanjore coast to break the salt law in April 1930.

Reference to the exact page in the book – Modern India – Sumit Sarkar

 

 

97. Who of the following founded a new city on the south bank of a tributary to river Krishna and undertook to rule his new kingdom as the agent of a deity to whom all the land south of the river Krishna was supposed to belong?
(a) Amoghavarsha 1
(b) Ballala 11
(c) Harihara I
(d) Prataparudra II

(c) Harihara I

 

 

98. Consider the following
1. The first woman President of the Indian National Congress was Sarojini Naidu.
2. The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was Badruddin Tyabji.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d)Neither I nor 2

(b) 2 only

 

 

99. Which of the following statements regarding ‘Green Climate Fund’ is/are correct?
I. It is intended to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.
2. It is founded under the aegis of UNEP, OECD, Asian Development Bank and World Bank.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither I nor 2

(a) 1 only

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is a fund within the framework of the UNFCCC founded as a mechanism to redistribute money from the developed to the developing world, in order to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.

 

 

100. Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2014 was given to which one of the following?
(a) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
(b) Indian Institute of Science
(c) Indian Space Research Organisation
(d) Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

(c) Indian Space Research Organisation

Forty years of pioneering work culminating in the successful launch of India’s first Mars orbiter in September 2014 has won the Indian Space Research Organisation the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2014.

Reference – ISRO’s success

 

Self Study IAS’s 1000 Prelims MCQs with answer & detailed explanation @ Rs 350. Click here for more information.

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 1-25) part 1

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 26-50) part 2

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 51-75) part 3

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 76-100) part 4

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