Solved : UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 General Studies Paper – Part 3


51. ‘Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana’ has been launched for
(a) providing housing loan to poor people at cheaper interest rates
(b) promoting women’s Self-Help Groups in backward areas
(c) promoting financial inclusion in the country
(d) providing financial help to the marginalized communities

(c) promoting financial inclusion in the country

 

 

52. With reference to the Fourteenth Finance Commission, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It has increased the share of States in the central divisible pool from 32 percent to 42 percent.
2. It has made recommendations concerning sector-specific grants.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(a) I only

 

The 14th Finance Commission has increased the share of States in the central divisible pool from 32 percent to 42 percent.The commission confined itself to recommending grants for revenue deficit, disaster relief and local bodies and desisted from giving environmental, sectoral and other specific grants.

Reference – Finance Commission recommendations 

 

 

53. The ‘Fortaleza Declaration’, recently in the news, is related to the affairs of
(a) ASEAN
(b) BRICS
(c) OECD
(d) WTO

(b) BRICS

 

 

54. A decrease in tax to GDP ratio of a country indicates which of the following?
1. Slowing economic growth rate
2. Less equitable distribution of national income
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither I nor 2

(a) 1 only

 

The tax-to-GDP ratio is an economic measurement that compares the amount of taxes collected by a government to the amount of income that country receives for its products.That income is measured in terms of the gross domestic product, or GDP, which is the sum of all products and goods sold, personal and government investment, and net exports. By comparing this amount to the amount that is collected in tax revenue, economists can get a rough idea of how much the economy of a specific government is fueled by its tax collection.

Reference – What is Tax to GDP ratio

 

 

55. In the South Atlantic and South-Eastern Pacific regions in tropical latitudes, cyclone does not originate. What is the reason?
(a) Sea surface temperatures are low
(b) Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone seldom occurs
(c) Coriolis force is too weak
(d) Absence of land in those regions

(b) Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone seldom occurs

 

The most proximate reasons for the lack of cyclone formation in the South Atlantic are sea surface temperatures that tend to run a shade cooler than ideal for tropical cyclone formation even in the southern summer, climatologically high values of vertical wind shear across that basin throughout the year, and a lack of pre-existing centers of rotation (vorticity) in that area.

This last point is due both to the absence of tropical waves similar to those generated over west Africa in the northern hemisphere and to the fact the the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITZC), which shifts toward the north in our summer and toward the south in the southern summer, usually stays at or north of the equator.

Though many people might speculate that the sea surface temperatures are too cold, the primary reasons that the South Atlantic Ocean gets few tropical cyclones are that the tropospheric (near surface to 200mb) vertical wind shear is much too strong and there is typically no inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ) over the ocean. Without an ITCZ to provide synoptic vorticity and convergence (i.e. large scale spin and thunderstorm activity) as well as having strong wind shear, it becomes very difficult to nearly impossible to have genesis of tropical cyclones.

So, ITCZ stays at or near the equator and does not shift southward over the south Atlantic or south Pacific region. Therefore, these regions do not have the ITCZ over them which is a major cause of lack of cyclone. While lower sea temperatures is also a cause, absence of ITCZ is the major cause, so the correct answer is b.

Reference – Why cyclone does not occur in south Atlantic

Google Books – Physical Geography

Climatology FAQs

 

 

56. Which one of the following pairs of States of India indicates the easternmost and westernmost State?
(a) Assam and Rajasthan
(b) Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan
(c) Assam and Gujarat
(d) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat

(d) Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat

 

 

57. Consider the following statements regarding the Directive Principles of State Policy :
1. The Principles spell out the socio¬economic democracy in the country.
2. The provisions contained in these Principles are not enforceable by any court.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) I only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

 

58. In the ‘Index of Eight Core Industries’, which one of the following is given the highest weight?
(a) Coal production
(b) Electricity generation
(e) Fertilizer production
(d) Steel production

(b) Electricity generation

Electricity has the highest weight-age of 10.316% followed by steel with 6.684 %.

Reference – Eight core industry weightage 

 

 

59. Which of the following National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity?
(a) Bhitarkanika National Park
(b) Keibul Lamjao National Park
(c) Keoladeo Ghana National Park
(d) Sultanpur National Park

(b) Keibul Lamjao National Park

 

 

60. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding National Innovation Foundation-India (NIF)?
1. NIF is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology under the Central Government.
2. NIF is an initiative to strengthen the highly advanced scientific research in India’s premier
scientific institutions in collaboration with highly advanced foreign scientific institutions.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both I and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(a) 1 only

National Innovation Foundation-India is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, based on the Honey Bee Network philosophy, which provides institutional support to grassroots innovators and outstanding traditional knowledge holders from the unorganized sector of the society.

 

 

61. What can be the impact of excessive/ inappropriate use of nitrogenous fertilizers in agriculture?
I. Proliferation of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms in soil can occur..
2. increase in the acidity of soil can take place.
3. Leaching of nitrate to the ground¬water can occur.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 2 and 3 only

 

 

62. With reference to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. IUCN is an organ of the United Nations and CITES is an international agreement between governments.
2. IUCN runs thousands of field projects around the world to better manage natural environments.
3. CITES is legally binding on the States that have joined it, but this Convention does not take the place of national laws.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2 and 3 only

You just had to read the first few words of statement 1 to get to the answer. IUCN is not an organ of UN. It has observer and consultative status at the United Nations. This will leave us with only option C, which has to be the answer.

 

 

63. The Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane is approved by the
(a) Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
(b) Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
(c) Directorate of Marketing and Inspection, Ministry of Agriculture
(d) Agricultural Produce Market Committee

(a) Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs

 

 

64. What explains the eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current?
(a) The Earth’s rotation on its axis
(b) Convergence of the two equatorial currents
(c) Difference in salinity of water
(d) Occurrence of the belt of calm near the equator

(b) Convergence of the two equatorial currents

 

There are two equatorial current flowing from east to west – the North EC and South EC. In between the two, there flows a equatorial counter current in the opposite direction, i.e from west to east. Now, it is said that piling up of waters in the area near Brazil, due to convergence of the two equatorial currents give rise to the equatorial counter current. This is because in this area due to convergence, the water is raised.

Reference – Savindra Singh’s Physical Geography

 

 

 

65. Consider the following pairs :
Place of Pilgrimage ——————– Location
1. Srisailam ————————– Nallamala Hills
2. Omkareshwar ———————- Satmala Hills
3. Pushkar ————————— Mahadeo Hills
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
(a) I only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(a) I only

 

 

66. With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the ‘Sedition Committee’.
2. In Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilize the Home Rule League.
3. Demonstrations against the arrival of Simon Commission coincided with Rowlatt Satyagraha.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 2 only

This question was picked up from the book Modern India by Sumit Sarkar. Statement 3 is incorrect and most of you will know that. The reference to the exact page in the book is given here Modern India : Sumit Sarkar 

 

 

67. Among the following, which were frequently mentioned in the news for the outbreak of Ebola virus recently?
(a) Syria and Jordan
(b) Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia
(c) Philippines and Papua New Guinea
(d) Jamaica, Haiti and Surinam

(b) Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia

 

 

68. With reference to ‘fly ash’ produced by the power plants using coal as fuel, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Fly ash can be used in the production of bricks for building construction.
2. Fly ash can be used as a replacement for some of the Portland cement contents of concrete.
3. Fly ash is made up of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide only, and does not contain any toxic elements.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 3 only

(a) 1 and 2

 

 

69. With reference to ‘dugong’, a mammal found in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is a herbivorous marine animal.
2. It is found along the entire coast of India.
3. It is given legal protection under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 only
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3

 

 

70. Who of the following was/were economic critic/critics of colonialism in India?
1. Dadabhai Naoroji
2. G. Subramania Iyer
3. R. C. Dutt
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Dadabhai Naoroji, R. C. Dutt, Ranade, Gokhale, G. Subramania Iyer, were among those who grounded Indian nationalism firmly on the foundation of anti-imperialism by fashioning the world’s first economic critique of colonialism, before Hobson and Lenin.

Reference – Indian Express

 

 

71. Which one of the following issues the ‘Global Economic Prospects’ report periodically?
(a) The Asian Development Bank
(b) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
(c) The US Federal Reserve Bank
(d) The World Bank

(d) The World Bank

Reference – Global Economic Prospects 

 

72. When the Reserve Rank of India reduces • the Statutory Liquidity Ratio by 50 basis points, which of the following is likely to happen?
(a) India’s GDP growth rate increases drastically
(b) Foreign Institutional Investors may bring more capital into our country
(c) Scheduled Commercial Banks may  cut their lending rates
(d) It may drastically reduce the liquidity to the banking system

(c) Scheduled Commercial Banks may  cut their lending rates

 

 

73. With reference to the use of nano-technology in health sector, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. Targeted drug delivery is made possible by nanotechnology.
2. Nanotechnology can largely contribute to gene therapy.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

Targeted drug delivery is made possible by nanotechnology. Medical nanotechnology can largely contribute to genetic therapy and improvement. Diseases can be easily treated if approached at the genetic level. So instead of treating diseases based on the symptoms, nanotechnology will help medical practitioners treat the problem by looking at the root cause.

Reference – Introduction to Nanotechnology

 

 

74. In India, markets in agricultural products are regulated under the
(a) Essential Commodities Act, 1955
(b) Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act enacted by States
(c) Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act, 1937
(d) Food Products Order, 1956 and Meat and Food Products Order, 1973

(b) Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act enacted by States

 

 

75. Which one of the following is the national aquatic animal of India?
(a) Saltwater crocodile
(b) Olive ridley turtle
(c) Gangetic dolphin
(d) Gharial

(c) Gangetic dolphin

 

Self Study IAS’s 1000 Prelims MCQs with answer & detailed explanation @ Rs 350. Click here for more information.

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 1-25) part 1

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 26-50) part 2

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 51-75) part 3

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 76-100) part 4

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