Solved : UPSC CSE Prelims 2015 General Studies Paper – Part 1


1. With reference to the Cabinet Mission, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It recommended a federal government.
2. It enlarged the powers of the Indian courts.
3. It provided for more Indians in the ICS.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3
(d) None

(a) I only

 

According to the proposals of the Cabinet Mission announced in May, 1946, the country could have a Federal government consisting of the British and the Indian India. The Federation was naturally to look after the national and international problems like the Defense and communication, the foreign affairs and the international trade while the provinces were to enjoy complete autonomy in Provincial subjects like police, agriculture, industries, educational and many other local problems.

It did not made any recommendation related to courts or ICS. Hence statement 2 and 3 are incorrect.

 

 

2. Which one of the following National Parks has a climate that varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and arctic?
(a) Khangchendzonga National Park
(b) Nandadevi National Park
(c) Neora Valley National Park
(d) Namdapha National Park

(d) Namdapha National Park

 

In the Namdapha National Park, located in Arunachal Pradesh, the climate varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and arctic. It is tropical and subtropical in the southern region while it is of arctic type in the northern part of the park. This question was asked some 8-9 years ago in the Prelims exam. Since then it has came in many books. For reference, two Google books links are provided –

Reference – Handbook of National Parks

Discovering the Himalayas

 

 

3. Amnesty International is
(a) an agency of the United Nations to help refugees of civil war.
(b) a global Human Rights Movement.
(c)a non-governmental voluntary organization to help very poor people.
(d)an inter-governmental agency to cater to medical emergencies in war-ravaged regions.

(b) a global Human Rights Movement.

 

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty and AI) is a non-governmental organisation focused on human rights with over 7 million members and supporters around the world.

 

 

4. With reference to the art and archaeo­logical history of India, which one among the following was made earliest?
(a) Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar
(b) Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli
(c) Rock-cut Monuments at Mahabalipuram
(d) Varaha Image at Udayagiri

(b) Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli

 

 

5. With reference to Indian history, which of the following is/are the essential element/elements of the feudal system?
1. A very strong centralized political authority and a very weak provincial or local political authority.
2. Emergence of administrative structure based on control and possession of land
3. Creation of lord-vassal relationship between the feudal lord and his overlord
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d)1, 2 and 3

(b) 2 and 3 only

 

Statement 1 is false. In Feudalism, there is no or a weak central authority. Feudalism is a synonym for “politically decentralized“. In a centralized kingdom, the monarch effects strong direct control over his entire state; in a decentralized kingdom, the monarch’s power is limited by the strength of local lords, who have significant autonomy (even though they are officially subject to the monarch’s rule). The term feudal can therefore be applied to any state that exists as a collection of significantly autonomous regions.

Statement 2 and 3 are correct. A person became a vassal by pledging political allegiance and providing military, political, and financial service to a lord. A lord possessed complete sovereignty over land, or acted in the service of another sovereign, usually a king. If a lord acted in the service of a king, the lord was considered a vassal of the king.

As part of the feudal agreement, the lord promised to protect the vassal and provided the vassal with a plot of land. This land could be passed on to the vassal’s heirs, giving the vassal tenure over the land.

 

 

6. ‘BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustain­able Forest Landscapes’ is managed by the
(a) Asian Development Bank
(b) International Monetary Fund
(c) United Nations Environment Programme
(d) World Bank

(d) World Bank

 

The BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes (ISFL) is a multilateral fund, supported by donor governments and managed by the World Bank. It seeks to promote reduced greenhouse gas emissions from the land sector, from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+), and from sustainable agriculture, as well as smarter land-use planning, policies and practices.

Reference – Official website of Bio Carbon Fund

 

 

7. India is a member of which among thefollowing?
1.Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
2.Association of South-East Asian nation
3.East Asia Summit
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) India is a member of none of them

(b) 3 only

 

At present, India is not a member of APEC. It does not belong to the ASEAN group as well. The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian region. Membership expanded to 18 countries including the United States and Russia at the Sixth EAS in 2011. India is a member of EAS.

 

 

8. In India, the steel production industry requires the import of
a) saltpetre
b) rock phosphate
c) coking coal
d) All of the above

c) coking coal

 

The coal found in India is manily of non-coking quality, and hence coking coal has to be imported. 70% of the steel produced today uses coal. Metallurgical coal – or coking coal – is a vital ingredient in the steel making process. Coking coal is converted to coke by driving off impurities to leave almost pure carbon. During the iron-making process, a blast furnace is fed with the iron ore, coke and small quantities of fluxes (minerals, such as limestone, which are used to collect impurities).

Reference – Uses of coal in steel

 

9. The provisions in Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule in the Constitution of India are made in order to
(a) protect the interests of Scheduled Tribes
(b) determine the boundaries between States
(c) determine the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats
(d) protect the interests of all the border States

(a) protect the interests of Scheduled Tribes

 

The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India deals with administration and control of scheduled areas and scheduled tribes in these areas. The Fifth Schedule covers Tribal areas in 9 states of India namely Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Orissa and Rajasthan.

The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India contains provisions concerning the administration of tribal areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

 

 

10. With reference to the Union Government,consider the following statements
1.The Department of Revenue isresponsible for the preparation ofUnion Budget that is presented to the Parliament
2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the authorization from the Parliament of India.
3. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the authorization from the Parliament of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 2 only

 

The Department of Economic Affairs (and not Revenue) is responsible for the preparation ofUnion Budget that is presented to the Parliament. The Public Account of India is operated by executive action, and hence no authorization from Parliament is needed.

 

 

11. Who/Which of the following is the custodian of the Constitution of India?
(a) The President of India
(b) The Prime Minister of India
(c) The Lok Sabha Secretariat
(d) The Supreme Court of India

(d) The Supreme Court of India

 

There is a confusion between President and Supreme court. Some articles have mentioned that the President is the Custodian of the constitution.  The occupant of the highest office of the land is also the custodian of the Constitution. Reference –

Indian Express

Hindustan Times

However, many other sources have mentioned Supreme Court as the custodian of the Indian Constitution.
The Supreme Court acts as the custodian of the Constitution through its power of judicial review. Integrated and relatively powerful judiciary, headed by the Supreme Court is the custodian of the Constitution.

Let’s see what UPSC takes as correct. For now, we are taking SC as the correct answer.

 

 

12. Consider the following statements :
1. The Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme was launched during 1996-97 to provide loan assistance to poor farmers.
2. The Command Area Development Programme was launched in 1974-75 for the development of water-use efficiency.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(b) 2 only

 

The Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme was launched during 1996-97 to provide financial assistance, to expedite completion of ongoing Major/Medium Irrigation (MMI) including Extension, Renovation and Modernization (ERM) of irrigation projects. It was not for providing loan assistance to poor farmers.

The Command Area Development Programme was launched in 1974-75 for the development of water-use efficiency and speedier utilization of irrigation potential.

Reference – Google Books

 

 

13. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is constituted under the
(a) Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
(b) Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999
(c) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
(d) Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

(c) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

 

The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) is the apex body constituted in the Ministry of Environment and Forests under ‘Rules for Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms/Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells 1989′, under the Environment Protection Act, 1986.

Reference – Official website of MoEF

 

 

14. In the Mekong-Ganga Cooperation, an initiative of six countries, which of the following is/are not a participant/ participants?
1. Bangladesh
2. Cambodia
3. China
4. Myanmar
5. Thailand
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 5

(c) 1 and 3

 

The Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC) comprises six member countries, namely India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. They emphasised four areas of cooperation, which are tourism, culture, education, and transportation linkage.The organization takes its name from the Ganga and the Mekong, two large rivers in the region.

 

 

15. ‘Basel III Accord’ or simply ‘Basel 111′, often seen in the news, seeks to
(a) develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity
(b) improve banking sector’s ability to deal with financial and economic stress and improve risk management
(c) reduce the greenhouse gas emissions but places a heavier burden on developed countries
(d) transfer technology from developed countries to poor countries to enable them to replace the use of chlorofluorocarbons in refrigeration with harmless chemicals

(b) improve banking sector’s ability to deal with financial and economic stress and improve risk management

 

“Basel III” is a comprehensive set of reform measures, developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, to strengthen the regulation, supervision and risk management of the banking sector. These measures aim to:
1. improve the banking sector’s ability to absorb shocks arising from financial and economic stress, whatever the source
2. improve risk management and governance
3. strengthen banks’ transparency and disclosures.

 

 

16. Consider the following statements :
1. The winds which blow between 30′ N and 60° S latitudes through­out the year are known as westerlies.
2. The moist air masses that cause winter rains in North-Western region of India are part of westerlies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(b) 2 only

 

The westerlies generally blow between 30 ° and 60 ° latitude in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The higher one travels into the atmosphere, the more noticeable these westerly winds are. So, they blow between 30 to 60 degree North as well as 30 to 60 degree south. Statement 1 is saying 30 degree north to 60 degree south, which is incorrect, as we have trade winds between 30 degree north and 30 degree south.

 

 

17. With reference to ‘Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (I0R-ARC)’, consider the following statements :
I. It was established very recently in response to incidents of piracy and accidents of oil spills.
2. It is an alliance meant for maritime security only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) I only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both I and 2
(d) Neither I nor 2

(d) Neither I nor 2

 

Providing security is not the only objective of IOR ARC. It also works in the field on economic cooperation, including trade, tourism, education, ICT etc. Therefore, statement 2 is incorrect. It is not a recently formed organisation, but dates back to 1997. So statement 1 is also false.

Reference – Official website of IOR

 

18. Which one of the following movements has contributed to a split in the Indian National Congress resulting in the emergence of ‘moderates’ and ‘extremists?
(a) Swadeshi Movement
(b) Quit India Movement
(c) Non-Cooperation Movement
(d) Civil Disobedience Movement

(a) Swadeshi Movement

 

Surat Split is mainly known for separation of congress partymen into moderates and extremists at the surat session of congress in 26 December 1907. This was the time of Swadeshi Movement.

 

 

19. In a particular region in India, the local people train the roots of living trees into robust bridges across the streams. As the time passes, these bridges become stronger. These unique living root bridges’ are found in
(a) Meghalaya
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Jharkhand
(d) Tamil Nadu

(a) Meghalaya

 

The living root bridges of Cherrapunji, Laitkynsew, and Nongriat, in the present-day Meghalaya state of northeast India is a form of tree shaping, which creates these suspension bridges, they are handmade from the aerial roots of living banyan fig trees. So, Meghalaya is the answer.

Reference – Living Roots

 

20. Tides occur in the oceans and seas due to which among the following?
I. Gravitational force of the Sun
2. Gravitational force of the Moon
3. Centrifugal force of the Earth
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) I only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) I and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

 

The tide-raising forces at the earth’s surface thus result from a combination of basic forces: (1) the force of gravitation exerted by the moon (and sun) upon the earth; and (2) centrifugal forces produced by the revolutions of the earth and moon (and earth and sun) around their common center-of-gravity (mass) or barycenter.

With the Earth-Moon system, gravity is like a rope that pulls or keeps the two bodies together, and centrifugal force is what keeps them apart. Because the centrifugal force is greater than the Moon’s gravitational pull, ocean water on the opposite side of the Earth bulges outward.

The Sun’s gravity pulls ocean water toward the Sun, but at the same time, the centrifugal force of the combined Earth-Sun revolution causes water on the opposite side of Earth to bulge away from the Sun. However, the effect is smaller than the Moon, even given the greater mass of the Sun (greater mass means greater gravitational force). Why? Simply because The Sun is so far away — over 380 times farther away from the Earth than the Moon.

Reference – Tide producing forces

Ocean tides explained

 

 

21. In which of the following activities are Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites used?
I. Assessment of crop productivity
2. Locating groundwater resources
3. Mineral exploration
4. Telecommunications
5. Traffic studies
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 4 and 5 only
(c) I and 2 only
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

(a)1, 2 and 3 only

 

Remote sensing sateliites are not used for telecommunications or traffic studies.

Reference – Indian IRS

 

 

22. Consider the following States :
1. Arunachal Pradesh
2. Himachal Pradesh
3. Mizoram
In which of the above States do ‘Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests’ occur?
(a) I only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests are typical rain forests which grow in those areas where the annual rainfall exceeds 250 cm, the annual temperature is about 25°-27°C the average annual humidity exceeds 77 per cent and the dry season is distinctly short.

The true evergreen forests are found along the western side of the Western Ghats (between 500 to 1370 metres above sea level) south of Mumbai, in a strip running from north-east to south-west direction across Arunachal Pradesh, Upper Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura upto a height of 1070 metres and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

So, they are not found in Himachal Pradesh.

 

 

23. The term ‘lndARC’, sometimes seen in the news, is the name of
(a) an indigenously developed radar system inducted into Indian Defence
(b) India’s satellite to provide services to the countries of Indian Ocean Rim
(c) a scientific establishment set up by India in Antarctic region
(d) India’s underwater observatory to scientifically study the Arctic region

(d) India’s underwater observatory to scientifically study the Arctic region

 

The deployment of IndARC, the country’s first underwater moored observatory in the Kongsfjorden fjord, half way between Norway and the North Pole, represents a major milestone in India’s scientific endeavours in the Arctic region.

Data collected by IndARC would be used for climate modelling studies to understand the influence of the Arctic processes on the Indian monsoon system.

Reference – The Hindu 

 

 

24. With reference to ‘Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. It is a global partnership of governments, businesses, civil society and indigenous peoples.
2. It provides financial aid to universities, individual scientists and institutions involved in
scientific forestry research to develop eco-friendly and climate adaptation technologies for sustainable forest management.
3. It assists the countries in their ‘REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation+)’ efforts by providing them with financial and technical assistance.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) is a World Bank programme and consists of a Readiness Fund and a Carbon Fund. The FCPF was created to assist developing countries to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, enhance and conserve forest carbon stocks, and sustainably manage forests (REDD+).

The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility assists developing countries in their efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and foster conservation, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks (all activities commonly referred to as “REDD+”) by providing value to standing forests.

So, statement 2 is false as it does not provide funds to universities, individuals or institutes.

Reference – Official website of FCPF

 

 

25. Which one of the following was given classical language status recently?
(a) Odia
(b) Konkani
(c) Bhojpuri
(d) Assamese

(a) Odia

 

Odia became the sixth language of India in February 2014 to get “classical language’’ status putting it in the same league as Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam.

Once a language is declared classical, it gets financial assistance for setting up a centre of excellence for the study of that language and also opens up an avenue for two major awards for scholars of eminence. Besides, the University Grants Commission can be requested to create – to begin with at least in Central Universities – a certain number of professional chairs for classical languages for scholars of eminence in the language.

The criteria for declaring a language as classical mandates high antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1,500-2,000 years, a body of ancient literature/texts which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers and a literary tradition that is original and not borrowed from another speech community. Also since the classical language and literature is distinct from the modern, there can also be a discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or its offshoots.

Reference – The Hindu 

 

Self Study IAS’s 1000 Prelims MCQs with answer & detailed explanation @ Rs 350. Click here for more information.

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 1-25) part 1

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 26-50) part 2

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 51-75) part 3

Solved UPSC Prelims 2015 GS paper (question 76-100) part 4

 

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