Solved : UPSC Combined Medical Services 2015 GS Paper – part 1


The Combined Medical Services (CMS) Examination, 2015 was held on June 28. It contains 30 questions from general studies (question 91-120). Solution to first 15 of these questions are provided here. It will serve a good practice and revision for UPSC Civil Services Examination. Part 2 can be accessed here – Solved : UPSC Combined Medical Services 2015 GS Paper – part 2

 

 

91. Consider the following pairs:
National Park ……………………………………………..State
1. Keoladeo Ghana National Park ………………….Rajasthan
2. Sultanpur National Park …… …………………….Uttar Pradesh
3. Valley of Flowers National Park ………………. Himachal Pradesh
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

(a) 1 only

Sultanpur National Park is in Haryana. Sultanpur National Park is a bird paradise for bird watchers. Park is famous for its migratory as well as resident birds. It was also in news – The Sultanpur National Park, a bird sanctuary on Gurgaon-Farrukhnagar Road, has been shut down after nearly 40 birds were found dead inside triggering fears of bird flu.

Valley of Flowers National park is in Uttarakhand. Valley of Flowers is a vibrant and splendid national park reposing in West Himalayas. Nestled in Uttarakhand, this alluring place is famous for its charming meadows of alpine flowers.

Reference – http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/sultanpur-national-park-shut-after-40-birds-found-dead/article6779292.ece

 

 

92. The Himalayas have snowline at higher altitude compared to that in the Alps mountains. This is because
(a) Himalayas are higher than the Alps
(b) Himalayas face the monsoon winds
(c) Himalayas are located in lower latitudes
(d) Himalayas have denser forest cover

(c) Himalayas are located in lower latitudes

Himalayas are located in lower latitudes which are hotter than the areas in higher latitudues, where Alps are located. This causes the snowline to be higher in Himalays compared to Alps. Snowline is the limit above which snow never melts.

Reference – Google Books

 

 

93. The knowledge of genome sequence is important to
1. understand how genes work together in the growth and development of an entire organism.
2. study the regulatory regions in the genome outside the gene that controls expression of genes.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

Sequencing the genome is an important step towards understanding it.

Scientists hope that being able to study the entire genome sequence will help them understand how the genome as a whole works—how genes work together to direct the growth, development and maintenance of an entire organism.

Finally, genes account for less than 25 percent of the DNA in the genome, and so knowing the entire genome sequence will help scientists study the parts of the genome outside the genes. This includes the regulatory regions that control how genes are turned on an off, as well as long stretches of “nonsense” or “junk” DNA—so called because we don’t yet know what, if anything, it does.

The question seems to have been formed from this article – http://www.genomenewsnetwork.org/resources/whats_a_genome/Chp2_1.shtml

 
94. Besides the Sunderbans, mangrove forests are also to be found in
1. Bhitarkanika
2. Godavari delta
3. Pichavaram
4. Kaveri (Cauvery) delta
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1, 2 and 4 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Pichavaram in Tamil Nadu is famous for mangroves. Coringa mangrove forest is located in the Godavari delta, Andhra Pradesh, India. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves are a mangrove wetland in India’s Odisha state. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves cover an area of 650 km² in the river delta of the Brahmani and Baitarani rivers. Muthupet mangrove forest is located at the southern end of the Cauvery delta.

 

95. Which of the following statements is not correct?
(a) In the preparation of vinegar in the households, dried fruits can be used.
(b) Vinegar making involves fermentation by yeast.
(c) Vinegar is actually acetic acid.
(d) A fruit juice containing 5% or more sugar cannot be made into vinegar in the
households.

 

(d) A fruit juice containing 5% or more sugar cannot be made into vinegar in the
households.

 

96. Which one of the following viruses was exploited to create genetically engineered virus
“onyx-15”, an oncolytic virus to target and eliminate cancer cells?
(a) Parvovirus
(b) Adenovirus
(c) Pox virus
(d) Herpes simplex virus

(b) Adenovirus

ONYX-015, an adenovirus modified selectively to replicate in and kill cells that harbor p53 mutations, is under development by Onyx Pharmaceuticals for the potential treatment of various solid tumors, including head and neck, gastrointestinal and pancreatic tumors.

Reference – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11892945

 

97. Which one of the following is not included in the Preamble of the Constitution of
India?
(a) Secular Republic
(b) Socialist Republic
(c) Federal Republic
(d) Democratic Republic

(c) Federal Republic

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a [SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC]. Federal republic is not there.

 

98. Consider the following milk borne diseases:
1. Brucellosis
2. Listeriosis
3. Salmonellosis
Which of the above can be controlled by pasteurization?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Pasteurization is a process that kills harmful bacteria by heating milk to a specific temperature for a set period of time. First developed by Louis Pasteur in 1864, pasteurization kills harmful organisms responsible for such diseases as listeriosis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria, and brucellosis.

 

99. Who of the following is the Chairman of Rajya Sabha?
(a) The Prime Minister
(b) The Speaker of Lok Sabha
(c) The Vice President of India
(d) The President of India

(c) The Vice President of India

The Vice President of India is the ex-officio chairman of India.

 

 

100.Consider the following statements:
1. Fly ash can be added to agricultural soil to enhance its water holding capacity.
2. Fly ash can be used in the manufacture of bricks and blocks for construction
purposes.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

Fly ash can be added to agricultural soil to enhance its water holding capacity. Fly ash can be used in the manufacture of bricks and blocks for construction purposes.

Reference – Google Books 

 

101. “Ecological niche” refers to the
(a) amount of autotrophs available for consumption of the grazing population.
(b) relationship of an animal with the surrounding animals.
(c) position of an animal with reference to its species composition.
(d) positional and functional relationship of an organism in an ecosystem.

 

(d) positional and functional relationship of an organism in an ecosystem.

Ecological niche” refers to the positional and functional relationship of an organism in an ecosystem.

Reference – http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/niche
102. Which one the following is not required for the formation of photochemical smog?
(a) Oxygen
(b) Oxides of nitrogen
(c) Carbon monoxide
(d) Sunlight

 

(c) Carbon monoxide

Photochemical smog is formed due to reaction of nitrogen oxides, peroxyacetyl nitrate ozone in atmosphere in the presence of sunlight. Carbon Monooxide is not required.

Reference -http://dwb4.unl.edu/Chem/CHEM869J/CHEM869JLinks/royal.okanagan.bc.ca/mpidwirn/atmosphereandclimate/smog.html

 

103. The ‘Nirbhaya Fund’ set up by the Government of India is for:
(a) Ensuring the safety of women
(b) Promoting the financial literacy of rural poor
(c) Promoting Self-Help Groups of women
(d) Providing free education

 

(a) Ensuring the safety of women

Nirbhaya Fund is a Indian rupee 10 billion corpus announced by Government of India in its 2013 Union Budget. This fund is expected to support initiatives by the government and NGOs working towards protecting the dignity and ensuring safety of women in India.

This was also in news – http://www.thehindu.com/business/budget/nirbhaya-fund-gets-rs-1000-crore/article6946558.ece
This is how UPSC will ask questions from budget. It may not ask about allocations but about the background knowledge of a scheme/fund etc.

 

104. What is “Solar Impulse 2”, which was recently in the news?
(a) A Central Government sponsored scheme to promote the production of solar energy
(b) A spacecraft sent by NASA to study a comet moving towards Sun
(c) A project of India in collaboration with NASA to study the impact of solar flares on Earth
(d) A round-the-world flight powered only by the solar energy

 

(d) A round-the-world flight powered only by the solar energy

Solar Impulse is the only airplane of perpetual endurance, able to fly day and night on solar power, without a drop of fuel.

Reference – http://info.solarimpulse.com/en/our-adventure/solar-impulse-2/#.VadXzvmqqko

 

105. Consider the following statements:
1. In food preservation by irradiation, ionising rays are used.
2. Irradiation does not affect the colour, odour, taste, pH and levels of vitamin contents in
the foods.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

(a) 1 only

Radiation of food items involves treating certain types of food with ionising energy or radiation. It is used to destroy bacteria and parasites that cause human illnesses. Extensive scientific studies have also shown that radiation has very little effect on the main nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats and minerals. Generally, vitamins show varied sensitivity to food processing methods including radiation. So, vitmains are affected.

Radiation processing to preserve food has its limitations too, since not all types of food can be treated with ionising radiation. Many dairy products treated with ionising radiation develop objectionable changes in flavour, odour and colour. Eggs are also not amenable to radiation processing.

Reference – http://pib.nic.in/feature/fe0899/f2408991.html

 

Self Study IAS’s GS Prelims Mock Test Series 2015 ( 10 full length mock tests @ RS 500 only). For details, click HERE.

You may also like