Solved : UPSC CAPF 2015 General Studies Paper – part 3


31. BrahMos is the name of
A) a short-range supersonic cruise missile
B) an air defence gun
C) a military satellite
D) a multiple rocket launcher

 
A) a short-range supersonic cruise missile

BRAHMOS is a two stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated. The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase. Stealth technology and guidance system with advanced embedded software provides the missile with special features. The missile has flight range of up to 290­km with supersonic speed all through the flight, leading to shorter flight time, consequently ensuring lower dispersion of targets, quicker engagement time and non-­interception by any known weapon system in the world.

Reference – BRAHMOS Supersonic Cruise Missile

 
32. Under Article 355 of the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the Union to
A) protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance
B) allow the extension of executive powers of the Union to any State
C) declare that the powers of the legislature of a State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of the Parliament
D) allow the Parliament to include or exclude any caste, race or tribe into the list of the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes

 
A) protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance

Article 355 in The Constitution Of India - Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance :- It shall be the duty of the Union to protect every State against external aggression and internal disturbance and to ensure that the government of every State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

 

 
33. The present cap (as on 01.01.2015) on Foreign Direct Investment in the defence sector is
A) 26 %
B) 49 %
C) 74 %
D) 100 %

 
B) 49 %

The FDI in defence was raised to 49% in August 2014.
Reference – Cabinet approves raising FDI cap in defence to 49 per cent, opens up railways

 
34. Who functions as chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee?
A) Defence Minister
B) The longest serving Chief among the Chiefs of the three services
C) The Chief of Integrated Defence Staff
D) The Chief of the Army Staff

 
B) The longest serving Chief among the Chiefs of the three services

The proposal of a permanent Chiefs of Staff Committe has been an item of great discussion in last one and a half year. So, UPSC came up with this question. In early December 2013, the Indian media reported that a proposal for the creation of the post of Permanent Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (CoSC) was being sent to the Cabinet Committee on Security for consideration. This came in the wake of the three Services Chief agreeing to the establishment of the post as per the recommendations of the Naresh Chandra Task Force.

The Chief of Staff Committee is a forum for the Service Chiefs to discuss matters having a bearing on the activities of the Services and to advise the Ministry. The position of Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee devolves on the longest serving Chief of Staff, and consequently rotates amongst the three services.

Reference – Transformation of the Indian Armed Forces: 2025

 

35. Which one of the following was NOT the feature of the Home Rule movement in India?
A) Boycott and Picketing
B) Two separate Home-Rule Leagues rather than one All-India Home-Rule Organisation
C) Setting up of discussion groups and reading rooms
D) Sale and circulation of pamphlets

 

A) Boycott and Picketing

Tilak and Besant set up their separate leagues to avoid any friction. Tilak’s League was set up in April 1916 and was restricted to Maharashtra (excluding Bombay city), Karnataka, Central Provinces and Berar. It had six branches and the demands included swarajya, formation of linguistic states and education in the vernacular. Besant’s League was set up in September 1916 in Madras and covered the rest of India (including Bombay city). It had 200 branches, was loosely organised as compared to Tilak’s League and had George Arundale as the organising secretary.

The League campaign aimed to convey to the common man the message of Home Rule as self-government. The aim was to be achieved by promoting political education and discussion through public meetings, organising libraries and reading rooms containing books on national politics, holding conferences, organising classes for students on politics, propaganda through newspapers, pamphlets, posters, illustrated post-cards, plays, religious songs, etc., collecting funds, organising social work, and participating in local government activities.

So, A) Boycott and Picketing was not a feature of the Home Rule movement in India.

References – India’s Struggle for Independence
Home Rule League Movement in India

 

36. The 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission has produced Reports on
1) Ethics in Governance
2) Local Governance
3) Combating Terrorism
4) Eradication of Corruption
A) 1,3 and 4
B) 2, 3 and 4
C) 1 and 2 only
D) 1,2 and 3

 
D) 1,2 and 3

The list of reports by the 2nd ARC with their name and date are –

1. Right to Information – Master Key to Good Governance (09.06.2006)
2. Unlocking Human Capital – Entitlements and Governance-a Case Study (31.07.2006)
3. Crisis Management – From Despair to Hope (31.10.2006)
4. Ethics in Governance (12.02.2007)
5. Public Order – Justice for each….. peace for all. (25.06.2007)
6. Local Governance 1 | Local Governance 2 | Local Governance 3 (27.11.2007)
7. Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution – Friction to Fusion (17.3.2008)
8. Combating Terrorism (17.9.2008)
9. Social Capital – A Shared Destiny (8.10.2008)
10. Refurbishing of Personnel Administration – Scaling New Heights (27.11.2008)
11. Promoting e-Governance – The Smart Way Forward (20.01.2009)
12. Citizen Centric Administration – The Heart of Governance (30.3.2009)
13. Organisational Structure of Government of India (19.5.2009)
14. Strengthening Financial Management Systems (26.5.2009)
15. State & District Administration (29.5.2009)

So, 4th, 6th and 8th report includes the statement 1, 2 and 3. No specific report about eradication of corruption has been released. So, ans is D) 1, 2 and 3.

Reference – 2nd Administrative Reform Commission

 

37. All proposals for acquisition of weapon systems involving capital expenditure of more than Rs 1,000 crore require the approval of the
A) Defence Minister
B) Prime Minister
C) Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
D) Cabinet Committee on Security

 
D) Cabinet Committee on Security

According to the Long Term Integrated Perspective Plan (LTIPP) 2012-2027 and five year services Capital Acquisition Plan (SCAP) , the limits are –

Upto Rs.500 crore——————–———Raksha Mantri (Defence Minister)
Above Rs.500 crore to Rs.1000 crore————–Finance Minister
Above Rs.1000 crore——————–——-Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)

Reference – Press Information Bureau

 

38. Which one of the following statements is correct?
A) India is the largest importer of defence equipment in the world
B) The United States of America was the second largest exporter of defence equipment to India in 2014
C) Russia has stopped exporting defence equipment to India
D) India meets not more than 25 per cent of its requirement of defence equipment through import

 
A) India is the largest importer of defence equipment in the world.

This was in news and widely discussed in March 2015.

India accounted for 15 per cent of the volume of global arms imports in the last five years, more than three times as much as China, according to new data on international arms transfers published by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Between 2005 and 2009, India accounted for 7 per cent of global arms imports.

SIPRI data reflects the volume of deliveries of arms, not the financial value of the deals. By presenting data for five-year periods, SIPRI intends to provide a more stable measure of trends over the longer term.

Reference – SIPRI data shows India world’s biggest arms importer at three times of China

 
39. In 1893 there occurred a split in Ihe Arya Samaj on the issue(s) of
1) Meat-cating vs vegetarianism
2) Caste system and widow remarriage
3) Shuddhi of converts
4) Anglicised vs Sanskrit-based education
A) 1,3 and 4
B) 2 and 4
C) I and 4 only
D) 1 only

 
C) I and 4 only

In 1893, the Arya Samaj split on the two issues of meat-eating vs vegetarianism and Anglicized vs Sanskrit-based education.

The question seems to have been lifted straight from the book Modern India by Sumit Sarkar. Here is the reference to the exact page – Modern India 1886-1947

More about Arya Samaj – Arya Samaj was a powerful religious movement in India during the nineteenth century. The movement was led by Swami Dayanand Saraswati, who started it in 1875. Arya Samaj had similarities with the Brahmo Samaj in its ideology and the mode of operations. Dayanand Saraswati was a Sanyasi (renouncer) who believed in the flawless authority of the Vedas. He advocated the doctrine of Karma and reincarnation and also emphasised on the ideals of Brahmacharya (chastity) and Sanyaas. He founded the Arya Samaj to propagate his ideas among the common people. The Arya Samaj upholds the sanctity of the cow, Samakars, oblations to fire and social reform, including the education of women.

 

40. The National Human Rights Commission has
1) a Chairperson who has been a Chief Justice of Supreme Court or a High Court of India
2) one Member who is or has been a Judge of Supreme Court
3) one Member who is, or has been the Chief Justice of a High Court
4) two Members to be appointed from amongst persons having knowledge of or practical experience in matters relating to human rights
A) 1,2, 3 and 4
B) 1,2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 4 only
D) 2,3 and 4 only

 

D) 2,3 and 4 only

The most important fact about the chairman of the NHRC is that he/she must have been a Chief Justice of India (CJI). In other words, only an ex-CJI can become the chairman of NHRC. Only this info will give you the answer, as eliminating 1 leaves only one option D.

The NHRC is a multi-member body consisting of a chairman and four members. The chairman should be a retired chief justice of India, and members should be serving or retired judges of the Supreme Court, a serving or retired chief justice of a high court and two persons having knowledge or practical experience with respect to human rights. In addition to these full-time members, the commission also has four ex-officio members—the chairmen of the National Commission for Minorities, the National Commission for SCs, the National Commission for STs and the National Commission for Women. —- From M. Laxmikanth.

 

41. GRSE, BDL and MIDHANI are acronyms of
A) Defence Public Sector Undertakings
B) Chemicals used for making rockets
C) Ammunition used in tanks
D) Communication satellites

 
A) Defence Public Sector Undertakings

GRSE – Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited is one of India’s leading shipyards, located in Kolkata, West Bengal. It builds and repairs commercial and navals vessels.

BDL – Bharat Dynamics Limited  is one of India’s manufacturer of ammunitions and missile systems. It was founded in 1970 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

MIDHANI – Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited is a specialized metals and metal alloys manufacturing facility in India, located at Hyderabad, Telangana. (Please note “Mishra” here is not the surname which people from Mithlanchal region of Bihar have. It is the Hindi for the word mixture. “Dhatu” is Hindi for metal.)

 

42. President’s Bodyguards is
A) a police force under the control of the President’s Secretariat
B) a paramilitary force
C) a unit of Delhi Police
D) None of the above

 
D) None of the above

The President’s Bodyguard (PBG) is an elite household cavalry regiment of the Indian Army. It is senior-most in the order of precedence of the units of the Indian Army. The primary role of the President’s Bodyguard is to escort and protect the President of India which is why the regiment is based in the Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi, India.

So it is a regiment of Indian Army. Therefore none of the above is the correct answer.

 

43. Where and when did Mahatma Gandhi first use his method of hunger-strike to achieve a desired goal?
A) At Natal in South Africa in the year 1906
B) At Champaran in the year 1917
C) At Ahmedabad in the year 1918
D) At Cape Town in South Africa in the year 1906

 

C) At Ahmedabad in the year 1918

In Ahmedabad an agitation had been going on between the labourers and the owners of a cotton textile mill for an increase of pay. While Gandhiji was negotiating with the millowners, he advised the workers to go on strike and to demand 35% increase in wages. Having advised the strikers to depend upon their conscience, Gandhiji himself went on a “fast unto death” to strengthen the workers resolved to continue the strike. The mill owners gave away and a settlement was reached after 21 days of strike.

This was his first fast in India as well as the first one for a desired goal. Overall this was his third fast. However, the first two were done for penance and not to achieve a desired goal.

A related question that often comes is – When Gandhi first used the weapon of Satyagrah? For that the answer is South Africa. It was against a legislation which required Indians to take out certificates of registration, which held their fingerprints.

 

44. Who among the following has authored the book ‘The Idea of India’?
A) Khushwant Singh
B) Shashi Tharoor
C) Sunil Khilnani
D) William Dalrymplc

 

C) Sunil Khilnani

The Idea of India is a non-fiction book by Sunil Khilnani. It is a comprehensive account of India’s economic and political journey from the independence movement to the post-nuclear era, from the legacy of Nehru and Gandhi, and the shattered world of Partition, to the changing socioeconomic values of the present.

Sunil Khilnani was in news for a radio show called – Incarnations : India in 50 lives. It is the history of India told through the lives of 50 phenomenal people. So, may be UPSC asked a question on his most famous book.

Reference – The Idea of India

 

45. Who is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces?
A) President
B) Prime Minister
C) Defence Minister
D) Longest serving Chief of Staff

 
A) President

Article 53(2) in The Constitution Of India says – “Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, the supreme command of the Defence Forces of the Union shall be vested in the President and the exercise thereof shall be regulated by law”

 

Please read these important articles about prelims preparation

1. How UPSC asks current affairs in GS Prelims

2. How to practice prelims MCQs for UPSC

3. Applying logic in UPSC General Studies Prelims

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