Solved : UPSC CAPF 2015 General Studies Paper – part 1


1. Match List I with List-11 and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:
List-I (Person) ———————-List-II (Political Party)
A) BR. Ambedkar ——————–1) Pakistan Muslim League
B) Sikandar Hayat Khan —————2) Krishak Praja Party
C) Fazlul Huq ———————–3) Unionist Party
D) Khaliquzzaman ——————-4) Independent labour Party

Code:
A B C  D
A) 4 2 3 1
B) 4 3 2 1
C) 1 2 3 4
D) 1 3 2 4

 
Correct ans – B

The correct matchings are –
A) BR. Ambedkar —————4) Independent labour Party
B) Sikandar Hayat Khan ———3) Unionist Party
C) Fazlul Huq ———————2) Krishak Praja Party
D) Khaliquzzaman —————1) Pakistan Muslim League
So, option B is correct.

 

2. The term “Congress System” was coined by
A) D.L.Seth
B) Rajni Kothari
C) James Manor
D) Christophe Jaffrelot

 
B) Rajni Kothari

Kothari is associated with the coinage of the term “Congress system”. Rajni Kothari, preeminent political theorist and activist in the 1960s developed the idea of the ‘Congress system’ to explain the party’s umbrella character that accommodated multiple interests within its fold. He died recently in January 2015, so UPSC put up this question.

Reference – He was the first to foresee caste factor

 

3. Under Section 10(26) of the Income Tax Act, which of the following category of people are exempted from income tax
A) Members of the Scheduled Tribes in Chhattisgarh
B) Members of the Scheduled Tribes and the Scheduled Castes in Special Category States
C) Members from the Economically Backward Class in All States
D) Members of the Scheduled Tribes in States of Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura

 
D) Members of the Scheduled Tribes in States of Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura

This was asked because it was in news – Tax exemption for other NE tribals in Tripura in doubt
The tribals of five North-eastern states – Tripura, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh – are fully exempted from tax under Section 10 (26) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tribals within areas of district councils constituted under sixth schedule of the Constitution are also free from tax liability.

 
4. The 9th Schedule to the Constitution of India was added by the
A) Third Amendment Act
B) Fourth Amendment Act
C) First Amendment Act
D) Sixth Amendment Act

 
C) First Amendment Act

The first amendement act, 1951 lead to  Addition of Ninth Schedule.-After the Eighth Schedule to the
Constitution, the following Schedule shall be added, namely:- “NINTH SCHEDULE [Article 31B] Reference – THE CONSTITUTION (AMENDMENT)

 
5. Which one of the following statements with regard to the Union Budget of India for the year 2015-2016 is NOT correct
A) India Financial Code to be introduced soon in the Parliament
B) Allocation in defence sector is kept unchanged at around 5 percent of GDP
C) A Student Financial Aid Authority will be instituted
D) No change in the rate of personal income tax

 
B) Allocation in defence sector is kept unchanged at around 5 percent of GDP

Government  increased the defence budget by 9.87 per cent to Rs 2.46 lakh crore for the next fiscal as compared to the revised estimates of Rs 2.22 lakh crore for 2014-15 as it pushes ‘Make in India’ initiative to curtail over-dependence on imports.

Reference – http://www.thehindubusinessline….

The other three statements are true. You may read the news about introduction of Indian Financial code here – Budget 2015: Financial Code to be introduced in Parliament soon, says FM Jaitley

 

6. In order to create awareness among the people regarding endangered species of tortoise, in the month of February 2015. the third Tortoise Festival was held at
A) Hajong Lake, Assam
B) Chilka Lake, Odisha
C) Loktak Lake, Manipur
D) Umiam Lake, Meghalaya

 
A) Hajong Lake, Assam

3rd Tortoise Festival took place at Hojong Lake in Assam on February 21, 2015. The festival was organized by Environment and Forest Department Dima Hasao district. It was aimed towards bring awareness among the people, about the safety of the endangered tortoise species available in the area. Various activities were performed at the tortoise festival to save the endangered species.

About Hajong Lake: Hajong Lake is popularly known as the tortoise lake, which is a unique and only natural tortoise habitat.

Reference – 3rd Tortoise Festival held at Hojong Lake in Assam to save Hill Terrapin species of tortoise

 
7. Which one of the following Grand slam Tennis Tournaments had the highest total prize money (in terms of US Dollars) in the year 2014
A) Australian Open
B) French Open
C) Wimbledon
D) US Open

 
C) Wimbledon

Australian Open— 33
French Open——- 34.5
Wimbledon———42.3
US Open————-38.3
All figures in million dollars.

So Wimbledon is having the highest total prize.

Reference – Prize Money Of all Grand Slams, Which is Highest Paying ?

 

8. Which one of the following statements about the Gandhi-Irwin Pact is NOT correct
A) Gandhi wrote a letter seeking an interview with the Viceroy.
B) Civil Disobedience movement was to be discontinued.
C) The imprisoned freedom fighters were to be released.
D) All the lands that had been confiscated were to be returned to the original owners.

 
A) Gandhi wrote a letter seeking an interview with the Viceroy.

Gandhi wrote a letter seeking an interview with the Viceroy– This happened before the Gandhi-Irwin pact, in February 1931. Here is the reference -Partners of British Rule

This pact included the following matters:
a. All political prisoners not convicted for violence, to be immediately released.
b. Return of confiscated lands not yet sold to Third Parties by the Government and remission of all fines not yet collected.
c. The Government employees who had resigned, to be treated leniently.
d. Confederation of right to make salt for consumption to villages along the Sea coast.
e. Right to peaceful and non-aggressive picketing.
f. Congress has to discontinue the Civil Disobedience Movement and Participate in the Second Round Table Conference.

This gives the summary of the Gandhi-Irwin pact, 1931 – Indian History

 
9. Which one of the following is believed to be a compilation of the psalms sung by the women
A) Sumangalavilasini
B) Therigatha
C) Stridharmapaddhati
D) Ritusamhara

 
B) Therigatha

The Therigatha, often translated as Verses of the Elder Nuns (Pāli: theri elder (feminine) + gatha verse), is a Buddhist scripture, a collection of short poems supposedly recited by early members of the Buddhist sangha in India around 600 BC.

The Therigatha, the ninth book of the Khuddaka Nikaya, consists of 73 poems — 522 stanzas in all — in which the early nuns (bhikkhunis) recount their struggles and accomplishments along the road to arahantship. Their stories are told with often heart-breaking honesty and beauty, revealing the deeply human side of these extraordinary women, and thus serve as inspiring reminders of our own potential to follow in their footsteps.

Reference – Buddhism After Patriarchy

 

 

10. The Rajya Sabha can withhold its consent to a Money Bill for

A) 14 days
B) 15 days
C) 30 days
D) 18 days

 
A) 14 days

From Laxmikanth – After a money bill is passed by the Lok Sabha, it is transmitted to the Rajya Sabha for its consideration. The Rajya Sabha has restricted powers with regard to a money bill. It cannot reject or amend a money bill. It can only make the recommendations. It must return the bill to the Lok Sabha within 14 days, wither with or without recommendations. The Lok Sabha can either accept or reject all or any of the recommendations of the Rajya Sabha.

 

11. Which of the following reasons were cited by the Ashok Mehta Committee for the decline of the Panchayati Raj Institutions in India
1) Role of Bureaucracy
2) Lack of Political Will
3) Lack of conceptual clarity
4) Lack of gender parity
Select the correct answer using the code given below
A) 1 and 4
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1,2 and 3
D) 2, 3 and 4

 
C) 1,2 and 3

Now nobody reads each and every report to know what excatly a person has cited as a cause of anything. In such questions, logic is our only weapon. From our basic reading on Panchayati raj and its shortcomings, we know that bureaucrats and politicians have not been keen in delegating powers to panchayats. So statement 1 and 2 will definetely be there. Only option C has both 1 and 2, and this has to be the ans.

 

12. Which one of the following statements with regard to the Saansad Adarsh Gram yojana is NOT correct
A) It was launched in the year 2014 on the birth anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
B) Members of the Parliment will adopt villages to create model.
C) District Magistrates will act as coordinators.
D) A Rajya Sabha MP has to choose a Gram Panchayat in the state from which he or she was elected.

 
A) It was launched in the year 2014 on the birth anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri.

It was launched in the year 2014 on the birth anniversary of jayprakash Narayan. The Prime Minister sought inspiration from Loknayak Jayaprakash Narain on his anniversary, saying that people’s participation in development was essential in building an Adarsh Gram. Lok Sabha MPs can choose a village from their constituency, and Rajya Sabha MPs from the state from which they are elected.

References – PM launches Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
Key highlights of the recently launched Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana

 

13. Which one of the following statements with regard to the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government of India is NOT correct
A) In order to guide the foreign investors, a body named ‘Invest India’ has been created
B) The Government has identified key sectors with potential to attract investment
C) The initiative also aims to identify selected domestic companies having leadership in innovation and new technology for turning them into global champion
D) The programme is being implemented by the Ministry of Finance

 
D) The programme is being implemented by the Ministry of Finance

‘Make in India’ is under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. So, other statements are true.
Read more – ‘Make in India’ Programme

 

14. Amarasimha is the name of a
A) famous lexicographer of ancient India
B) Rajput king of Chalukya lineage
C) poet mentioned by Kautilya in his Arthashastra
D) dance form of Odisha

 
A) famous lexicographer of ancient India

Amara Simha was a lexicographer, poet and grammarian who lived in the 4th century AD. He is credited by writing Amarkosha. Option C is not true, because Kautilya lived in the 4th century BC and Amarasimha in the 4th century AD, so Kautilya cannot have mentioned him.
References – Hinduism that is Sanatana Dharma

 
15. The Tolkappiyam is the name of
A) a step-well of Western India
B) the book on Tamil grammar
C) a collection of Tamil bhakti poems
D) a collection of Kannada poems

 
B) the book on Tamil grammar

The first known work in the Tamil language, Tolkappiyam (1st–4th century ce; “Ancient Literature”), is a treatise on grammar and poetics. Its existence presupposes a large body of literature that was probably available in the form of anthologies.

Reference – Tolkappiyam | ancient Tamil text

 

Please read these important articles about prelims preparation

1. How UPSC asks current affairs in GS Prelims

2. How to practice prelims MCQs for UPSC

3. Applying logic in UPSC General Studies Prelims

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